So, you think you want a Newfoundland ...
DON'T BUY A
This article has
been adapted from:DON'T BUY A BOUVIER! by Pam Green (c.1992) (This article, written many years ago, has become a notorious
classic in Bouvier circles. It has been reprinted many times by clubs to use for the education of prospective Bouvier owners.
She gives her permission freely to all who wish to reprint and distribute it in hopes of saving innocent dogs from neglect
and abandonment by those who should never have acquired them in the first place.)
Interested in buying a Newf? You must be or you wouldn't be reading this. You've already heard
how marvelous Newfies are. Well, I think you should also hear, before it's too late, that NEWFOUNDLANDS ARE NOT THE PERFECT
BREED FOR EVERYONE. As a breed, they have a few characteristics that some people find charming, but that some people find
mildly unpleasant, and some people find downright intolerable.
different breeds for different needs.
are over 200 breeds of dogs in the world. Maybe you'd be better off with some other breed. Maybe you'd be better off
with a cat. Maybe you'd be better off with goldfish, a parakeet, a hamster, or some house-plants.
DON'T BUY A NEWFOUNDLAND IF YOU ARE ATTRACTED TO THE BREED
*CHIEFLY* BY ITS APPEARANCE.
The appearance of the Newfoundlands
you have seen in the show ring is the product of many hours of bathing and grooming. This carefully constructed beauty is
fleeting: a few minutes of freedom, romping through the fields or strolling in the rain restores the natural look. The natural
look of the Newfie is that of a large, shaggy farm dog, usually with some dirt and weeds clinging to his tousled coat. The
true beauty of the Newf lies in his character, not in his appearance. Some of the long-coated and most of the short-coated
breeds' appearances are less dependent on grooming than is that of the Newfie. (See also the section on grooming below.)
DON'T BUY A NEWF IF YOU ARE UNWILLING
TO SHARE YOUR HOUSE AND YOUR LIFE WITH YOUR DOG.
were bred to share in the work of the family (fishing, pulling carts, etc.) and to spend most of their waking hours working
with the family. They thrive on companionship and they want to be wherever you are. They are happiest living with you in your
house and going with you when you go out. While they usually tolerate being left at home by themselves (preferably with a
dog-door giving access to the fenced yard), they should not be relegated to the backyard or kennel. A puppy exiled from the
house is likely to grow up to be unsociable, unruly, and unhappy. He may well develop pastimes, such as digging or barking,
that will displease you and/or your neighbors. An adult so exiled will be miserable too. If you don't strongly prefer
to have your dog's companionship as much as possible, enjoying having him sleep in your bedroom at night and sharing many
of your activities by day, you should choose a breed less oriented to human companionship. Likewise if your job or other obligations
prevent you from spending much time with your dog. No dog is really happy without companionship, but the pack hounds for example,
are more tolerant of being kenneled or yarded so long as it is in groups of 2 or more. A better choice would be a cat, as
they are solitary by nature.
DON'T BUY A NEWFOUNDLAND IF YOU DON'T INTEND TO EDUCATE (TRAIN) YOUR DOG ***
Basic obedience and household rules training is NOT optional for the Newf.
As an absolute minimum, you must teach him to reliably respond to commands to come, to lie down, to stay, and to walk at your
side, on or off leash and regardless of temptations. You must also teach him to respect your household rules: e.g. is he allowed
to get on the furniture? is he allowed to beg at the table? What you allow or forbid is unimportant, but it is *critical*
that you, not the dog, make these choices and that you enforce your rules consistently. You must commit yourself to attending
an 8 to 10 week series of weekly lessons at a local obedience club or with a professional trainer, and to doing one or two
short (5 to 20 minutes) homework sessions per day. As commands are learned, they must be integrated into your daily life by
being used whenever appropriate, and enforced consistently. Young Newfie puppies are relatively easy to train: they are eager
to please, intelligent, and calm-natured, with a relatively good attention span. Once a Newfie has learned something, he tends
to retain it well. Your cute, sweet little Newf puppy will grow up to be a large, powerful dog. If he has grown up respecting
you and your rules, then all his physical and mental strength will work for you. But if he has grown up without rules and
guidance from you, surely he will make his own rules, and his physical and mental powers will often act in opposition to your
needs and desires. For example: he may tow you down the street as if competing in a sled-dog race; he may grab food off the
table; he may forbid your guests entry to "his" home.
This training cannot be delegated to someone else,
e.g. by sending the dog away to "boarding school," because the relationship of respect and obedience is personal
between the dog and the individual who does the training. While you definitely many want the help of an experienced trainer
to teach you how to train your dog, you yourself must actually train your Newf. As each lesson is well learned, then the rest
of the household (except young children) must also work with the dog, insisting he obey them as well.
Many of the
Newfs that are rescued from Pounds and Shelters show clearly that they have received little or no basic training, neither
in obedience nor in household deportment; yet these same dogs respond well to such training by the rescuer or the adopter.
It seems likely that a failure to train the dog is a significant cause of Newf abandonment.
If you don't intend
to educate your dog, preferably during puppyhood, you would be better off with a breed that is both small and socially submissive.
*** DON'T BUY A NEWFOUNDLAND IF YOU
LACK LEADERSHIP (SELF-ASSERTIVE) PERSONALITY ***
Dogs do not believe in social equality. They live in a social hierarchy led by a pack-leader (Alpha). The
alpha dog is generally benevolent, affectionate, and non-bullying towards his subordinates; but there is never any doubt in
his mind or in theirs that the alpha is the boss and makes the rules. Whatever the breed, if you do not assume the leadership,
the dog will do so sooner or later and with more or less unpleasant consequences for the abdicating owner. Like the untrained
dog, the pack-leader dog makes his own rules and enforces them against other members of the household by means of a dominant
physical posture and a hard-eyed stare, followed by a snarl, then a knockdown blow or a bite. Breeds differ in tendencies
towards social dominance; and individuals within a breed differ considerably. You do not have to have the personality or mannerisms
of a Marine boot camp Sergeant, but you do have to have the calm, quiet self-assurance and self-assertion of the successful
parent ("Because I'm your mother, that's why.") or successful grade-school teacher. If you think you might
have difficulty asserting yourself calmly and confidently to exercise leadership, then choose a breed known for its socially
subordinate disposition, such as a Golden Retriever or a Shetland Sheepdog, AND be sure to ask the breeder to select one of
the more submissive pups in the litter for you. If the whole idea of "being the boss" frightens or repels you, don't
get a dog at all. Cats don't expect leadership. A gerbil or hamster, or fish doesn't need leadership or household
Leadership and training are inextricably intertwined: leadership personality enables you to train your dog,
and being trained by you reinforces your dog's perception of you as the alpha.
DON'T BUY A NEWFIE IF YOU DON'T VALUE LAID-BACK COMPANIONSHIP AND CALM
A Newf becomes deeply attached and devoted
to his own family, but he doesn't "wear his heart on his sleeve." Some are noticeably reserved, others are more
outgoing, but few adults are usually exuberantly demonstrative of their affections. They like to be near you, usually in the
same room, preferably on a comfortable pad or cushion in a corner or under a table, just "keeping you company."
They enjoy conversation, petting and cuddling when you offer it, but they are moderate and not overbearing in coming to you
to demand much attention. They are emotionally sensitive to their favorite people: when you are joyful, proud, angry, or grief-stricken,
your Newf will immediately perceive it and will believe himself to be the cause. The relationship can be one of great mellows,
depth and subtlety; it is a relation on an adult-to-adult level, although certainly not one devoid of playfulness. As puppies,
of course, they will be more dependent, more playful, and more demonstrative. In summary, Newfs tend to be sober and thoughtful,
rather than giddy clowns or sychophants.
DON'T BUY A NEWFIE IF YOU ARE FASTIDIOUS ABOUT YOUR HOME.
The Newfoundland's thick shaggy coat and his love of playing in water and mud combine to make him
a highly efficient transporter of dirt into your home, depositing same on your floors and rugs and possibly also on your furniture
and clothes. One Newf coming in from a few minutes outdoors on a rainy day can turn an immaculate house into an instant hog
wallow. His full chest soaks up water every time he takes a drink, then releases same drippingly across your floor or soppingly
into your lap. Newfoundlands are seasonal shedders, and in spring can easily fill a trash bag with balls of hair from a grooming
session, or clog a vacuum cleaner if left to shed in the house. I don't mean to imply that you must be a slob or slattern
to live happily with a Newf, but you do have to have the attitude that your dog's company means more to you than does
neatness, and you do have to be comfortable with a less than immaculate house.
While all dogs, like all children,
create a greater or lesser degree of household mess, almost all other breeds of dog are less troublesome than the Newfie in
this respect. The Basenji is perhaps the cleanest, due to its cat-like habits; but cats are cleaner yet, and goldfish hardly
ever mess up the house.
BUY A NEWFOUNDLAND IF YOU FIND DROOL TOTALLY REPELLANT
Newfie owners begin with some degree of distaste for drool, but as this is an integral part of the Newf, this dislike usually
progresses to some level of nonchalance. A sure sign of a Newf addict is that not only do they not understand other people's
squemishness for this substance, they spend many hours trying to come up with useful purposes for the gallons of drool that
can be produced on a regular basis. Some say that the world record "drool toss" from an adult Newf is over 20 feet!
This makes your walls and ceilings well within reach of even an average drooler. Newfie's drool because of their jaw and
mouth structure, which allows them to breath while performing water rescue, this is a quality inherent in the breed.
If you cannot get used to the idea of drool in your house, then try one of the many breeds of dogs that do not drool. Newfs
are definitely not in this category. Although I have heard of cats who drool, the quantity is not remotely comparable, and
hamsters don't drool at all.
DON'T BUY A NEWFIE IF YOU DISLIKE DOING REGULAR GROOMING.
The thick shaggy Newfoundland coat demands regular grooming, not merely to look
tolerably nice, but also to preserve the health of skin underneath and to detect and remove foxtails, ticks, and other dangerous
invaders. For "pet" grooming, you should expect to spend 10-15 minutes a day (e.g. while listening to music or watching
television) on alternate days or half an hour twice a week. Of course any time your Newf gets into cockleburs, filigree, or
other coat-adhering vegetation, you are likely to be in for an hour or more of remedial work. During oxtail season, (western
US), you must inspect feet and other vulnerable areas daily. In Lyme disease areas during tick season, you will need to inspect
for ticks daily. "Pet" grooming does not require a great deal of skill, but does require time and regularity. "Show"
grooming requires a great deal of skill and considerably more time and effort or expensive professional grooming.
Almost every Newfie that is rescued out of a Pound or Shelter shows the effects of many months of no grooming, resulting
in massive matting and horrendous filthiness, sometimes with urine and feces cemented into the rear portions of the coat.
It appears that unwillingness to keep up with coat care is a primary cause of abandonment.
Many other breeds of
dog require less grooming; short coated breeds require very little.
DON'T BUY A NEWFIE IF YOU DISLIKE DAILY EXERCISE.
Newfs need exercise to maintain the health of heart and lungs, and to maintain muscle tone. Because of
his mellow, laid-back, often lazy, disposition, your Newfie will not give himself enough exercise unless you accompany him
or play with him. An adult Newf should have a morning outing of a mile or more, as you walk briskly beside him, and a similar
evening outing. For puppies, shorter and slower walks, several times a day are preferred for exercise and housebreaking.
All dogs need daily exercise of greater or lesser length and vigor. If providing this exercise is beyond you, physically
or temperamentally, then choose one of the many small and energetic breeds that can exercise itself within your fenced yard.
Most of the Toys and Terriers fit this description, but don't be surprised if a Terrier is inclined to dig in the earth
since digging out critters is the job that they were bred to do. Cats can be exercised indoors with mouse-on-a-string toys.
Hamsters will exercise themselves on a wire wheel. House plants don't need exercise.
DON'T BUY A NEWFIE IF YOU BELIEVE THAT DOGS SHOULD RUN "FREE."
Whether you live in town or country, no dog can safely be left to run "free"
outside your fenced property and without your direct supervision and control. The price of such "freedom" is inevitably
injury or death: from dogfights, from automobiles, from the Pound or from justifiably irate neighbors. Even though Newfs are
home-loving and less inclined to roam than most breeds, an unfenced Newf is destined for disaster. A thoroughly obedience-trained
Newfie can enjoy the limited and supervised freedom of off-leash walks with you in appropriately chosen environments.
If you don't want the responsibility of confining and supervising your pet, then no breed of dog is suitable for you.
A neutered cat will survive such irresponsibly given "freedom" somewhat longer than a dog, but will eventually come
to grief. A better answer for those who crave a "free" pet is to set out feeding stations for some of the indigenous
wildlife, such as raccoons, which will visit for handouts and which may eventually tolerate your close observation.
*** DON'T BUY A NEWFOUNDLAND IF YOU CAN'T
AFFORD TO BUY, FEED, AND PROVIDE HEALTHCARE FOR ONE ***
are not a cheap breed to buy, as running a careful breeding program with due regard for temperament, trainability, and physical
soundness (hips especially) cannot be done cheaply. The time the breeder should put into each puppy's "pre-school"
and socialization is also costly. The "bargain" puppy from a "back-yard breeder" who unselectively mates
any two Newfs who happen to be of opposite sex may well prove to be extremely costly in terms of bad temperament, bad health,
and lack of essential socialization. In contrast, the occasional adult or older pup is available at modest price from a disenchanted
owner or from a breeder, shelter, or rescuer to whom the dog was abandoned; most of these "used" Newfs are capable
of becoming a marvelous dog for you if you can provide training, leadership, and understanding. Whatever the initial cost
of your Newfoundland, the upkeep will not be cheap. Being large dogs, Newfs eat relatively large meals. (Need I add that what
goes in one end must eventually come out the other?) Large dogs tend to have larger veterinary bills, as the amount of anesthesia
and of most medications is proportional to body weight. Spayingor neutering, which costs more for larger dogs, is an essential
expense for virtually all pet Newfs, as it "takes the worry out of being close," prevents serious health problems
in later life, and makes the dog a more pleasant companion. Newfoundlands are subject to two conditions which can be costly
to treat: hip dysplasia and bloat. (Your best insurance againstdysplasia is to buy only from a litter bred from OFA certified
parents and [if possible], grandparents. Yes, this generally means paying more. While bloat may have a genetic predisposition,
there are no predictive tests allowing selective breeding against it. Your best prevention is not to feed your dog too soon
before or after strenuous exercise.) Professional grooming,if you use it, is expensive. An adequate set of grooming tools
for use at home adds up to a tidy sum, but once purchased will last many dog-lifetimes. Finally, the modest fee for participation
in a series of basic obedience training classes is an essential investment in harmonious living with your dog; such fees are
the same for all breeds. The modest annual outlays for immunizations and for local licensing are generally the same for all
breeds, though some counties have a lower license fee for spayed/neutered dogs.
All dogs, of whatever breed and
however cheaply acquired, require significant upkeep costs, and all are subject to highly expensive veterinary emergencies.
Likewise all cats.
BUY A NEWFIE IF YOU WANT THE "LATEST, GREATEST FEROCIOUS KILLER ATTACK DOG."
The Newfoundland's famous disposition as the "Gentle Giant" is not a fable, a Newf with
the typical disposition of the breed would prefer to slobber a criminal than attack one. Also because of selective breeding
for water rescue, Newfies are "soft-mouthed" dogs.
In contrast to the protection-trained dog, trained
to bite on direct command or in reaction to direct physical assault on his master, the "deterrent dog" dissuades
the vast majority of aspiring burglars, rapists, and assailants by his presence, his appearance, and his demeanor. Seeing
such dog, the potential wrong-doer simply decides to look for a safer victim elsewhere. For this job, all that is needed is
a dog that is large and that appears to be well-trained and unafraid. The Newfoundland can serve this role admirably, with
the added assets of generally dark color and shaggy "bestial" appearance adding to the impression of formidability
and fearsomeness. If the dog has been taught to bark a few times on command, such as "Fang, watch him!" rather than
"Fifi, speak for a cookie," this skill can be useful to augment the deterrent effect.
DON'T BUY A NEWFOUNDLAND IF YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO COMMIT
YOURSELF FOR THE DOG'S ENTIRE LIFETIME.
No dog deserves
to be cast out because his owners want to move to a no-pet apartment, or because he is no longer a cute puppy, or didn't
grow up to be a beauty contest winner, or because his owners through lack of leadership and training have allowed him to become
an unruly juvenile delinquent with a repertoire of undesirable behaviors. The prospects of a responsible and affectionate
second home for a "used" dog are never very bright, but they are especially dim for a large, shaggy, poorly mannered
dog. A Newf dumped into a Pound or Shelter has almost no chance of survival -- unless he has the great good fortune to be
spotted by someone dedicated to Newf Rescue. The prospects for adoption for a youngish, well-trained, and well-groomed Newfie
whose owner seeks the assistance of the nearest Newf Club or Rescue group are fairly good, but an older Newf has diminishing
prospects. Be sure to contact your local Newf club or Rescue group if you are diagnosed as terminally ill or have other equally
valid reasons for seeking an adoptive home. Be sure to contact your local Newf club if you are beginning to have difficulties
in training your Newfie, so these can be resolved. Be sure to make arrangements in your will or with your family to ensure
continued care or an adoptive home for your Newfoundland if you should pre-decease him.
The life span of a Newfoundland
is about 10 years. If that seems too long a time for you to give an unequivocal loyalty to your Newfoundland, then please
do not get one! Indeed, as most dogs have a life expectancy that is as long or longer, please do not get any dog.
Conclusion If all the preceding "bad news" about Newfies hasn't turned you away from the breed, then by
all means DO GET A NEWF! They are every bit as wonderful as you have heard!
If buying a puppy, be sure to shop
carefully for a *responsible* and *knowledgeable* breeder who places high priority on breeding for sound temperament and trainability,
and good health in all matings. Such a breeder will interrogate and educate potential buyers carefully. Such a breeder will
continue to be available for advice and consultation for the rest of the dog's life and will insist on receiving the dog
back if ever you are unable to keep it.
DO NOT COPY. ALL PICTURES ON THIS SITE ARE THE PROPERTY OF HEART OF GOLD NEWFOUNDLANDS.